Ivory : Between rarity and prohibition
Ivory, an increasingly rare material!
Used for many centuries for the manufacture of magnificent objects, ivory was marketed very early on... Statues, jewelry and everyday objects such as cases, tobacco boxes or compacts etc...
From a gemological point of view, ivory is considered a hard, resistant, opaque white organic material that mainly constitutes the teeth and tusks of certain animals such as the elephant, hippopotamus, walrus and others. Again…
To qualify materials derived from animals or animal secretions, we speak of organic matter (let us mention horn, jet, bone, coral, pearl, mother-of-pearl, amber) as opposed to crystallized materials which constitute the majority of gems (sapphires, rubies, emeralds, diamonds).
Unfortunately, this intense commercialization has led to the disappearance or risk of extinction of certain species, such as the elephant of course, which explains the development of laws in many countries to preserve the different animal species.
Since 1is July 1975 French and European legislation purely and simply prohibits the marketing of raw ivory. The ban is categorical, it also prohibits the marketing of any ivory worked or dated after 1is July 1975.
France has thus signed a convention controlling and regulating the international trade in species of wild fauna and flora threatened with extinction called CITES.
Exceptions to these prohibitions are ivory objects manufactured between 3 March 1947 and 1is July 1975. So if you want to export ivory outside the European Union, you must obtain a CITES export certificate.
To sum up, an ivory object can only be sold if its holder can prove that it was made before July 1, 1975, and subject to having obtained a CITES certificate (the intra-EU CIC certificate) issued by an approved expert. .
On the other hand, these certificates will only be issued for worked objects because the trade and use of raw ivory remains strictly prohibited regardless of their age.
This is why calling on experts could be useful for you to find out whether or not your object can be resold.
The question we can now ask ourselves is: How to recognize ivory?
Its main features are:
- Its weight because of its impressive density
- Its smooth touch
- Its shiny appearance
- Its heat resistance, it can withstand a heated needle without deteriorating
And The ivory substitutes which are:
- The bone that will have an irregular appearance
- Vegetable ivory (corozo or tagua) which is used to make jewelry, piano keys, cutlery, buttons or even decorative objects. This vegetable ivory comes from the flowering of the ivory palm which grows in Central America and Africa. The fruit of this tree is called the caryopsis.
- Celluloid is also widely used for the manufacture of tennis balls. It is a type of plastic whose production of objects began in 1873. It is therefore possible to find old objects in celluloid.
- The resin strong enough to create durable objects. It is ideal for making statues, the finishes and details can be very clean.
Attention ! Ivory is not an alternative to ivory. It is made of agglomerated ivory powder. It is strictly prohibited for sale.
To conclude we can say that ivory has become a rare and very precious material!
We are of course available for any free expertise of your ivory jewelry, for this you can send an email with your photos to email@example.com.
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18 carat yellow gold ivory long necklace