The peridot is the gem variety of forsterite. It is a silicate of iron, magnesium and silica. It is an idiochromatic stone, whiwh means it is only found in a very small range of colors. Unlike tourmaline for example, which can be of all colors, the peridot can only be green.
Peridots, diamonds, white gold ring, Boucheron
Unlike other gems, formed in the Earth’s crust, the peridot (as the diamond) is formed deeper, in the mantle.
It is a very pure stone, with few inclusions and is therefore very transparent and of good quality.
Peridot, diamonds, yellow gold earings, Van Cleef And Arpels
HISTORY OF THE PERIDOT
The etymology of the word peridot is not known, but there are several theories. It comes either from the Latin word “paederos” meaning love, or the Arabic “faridat” which means precious stone.
The first stones were discovered in antiquity, 3500 years ago, on the volcanic island of Zabagrad, Egypt.
The Egyptians used it to cure the liver pains, then it served, in the Middle Ages, of aphrodisiac. Symbol of love, Napoleon Ist offered Josephine several stones.
Pliny the Elder describes the peridot as “a green and transparent stone, with captivating beauty”.
Peridot, diamonds, yellow gold “Diorama” ring, Dior
The Egyptian mines are no longer exploited. The most important mines today are Arizona (USA), South Africa, Saudi Arabia, Australia, Burma and China.
Citrine, peridots, diamonds, yellow gold ring, Bvlgari
Peridot and very often used in jewelry and high jewelry for its purity and remarkable transparency. He adorns creations of big houses such as Van Cleef And Arpels, Dior, Bulgari, Chaumet, Boucheron, Lydia Courteille …
Citrine, peridots, diamonds, yellow gold earrings, Chaumet